The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
The growing interest in green chemistry requires fresh perspectives on analytical extractions. Reduced solvent consumption, alternative safer solvents, and reasonable energy demands must be balanced with traditional analytical considerations such as extraction yield and selectively. This session deals with some of the concepts behind green chemistry, and discusses green solvent selection and extraction techniques. An overview of alternatives to conventional solvents, new green solvents, ionic liquids, and other solvent options will be discussed in this scientific discussion
- Track 1-1Green Extractions
- Track 1-2Green Analytical Techniques
- Track 1-3Analysis and Quality check in Green Chemistry
- Track 1-4Greener Analytical Technology
- Track 1-5Green Solvents
Polysaccharides polymers: These are biological feedstock, and as such have the advantage of being renewable, as opposed to those feedstocks which are the product of petroleum. On the other hand, these have no chronic toxicity to human health and environment. Commodity chemicals from glucose: glucose is another alternative for commodity chemicals by using glucose in place of benzene, can help in minimizing the use of certain reagents with certain toxicity. The conduction of synthesis in water instead of organic solvents is more beneficial. The use of CO2 as a substitute for organic solvents already represents a tool of waste reduction in chemical industry.
- Track 2-1Fullerene Extraction (C50 and C70)
- Track 2-2Pyrolysis
- Track 2-3Soxhlet Extraction
- Track 2-4Column Chromatography
- Track 2-5Plasma Process
- Track 2-6Solvent Reduction
- Track 2-7Pharmaceutical Industry(medicine)
- Track 2-8Bioplastics
Biodegradation is nature’s waste management and recycling system. It breaks down everything from yard waste to crude oil. It is a natural process necessary to keep our planet clean and healthy.“A process by which microbial organisms transform or alter (through metabolic or enzymatic action) the structure of chemicals introduced into the environment.” Basically, organic (carbon-based) material is changed through chemical processes from complex molecules into simpler molecules, eventually returning the molecules into the environment. For example, a banana peel can be reduced from cellulose to water, carbon dioxide gas, and humus in a compost pile.
Biopolymers are polymers synthesized by living organisms. Biopolymers can be polynucleotides (such as the nucleic acids DNA and RNA), polypeptides (that is, proteins) or polysaccharides (that is, polymeric carbohydrates).These consist of long chains made of repeating, covalently bonded units, such as nucleotides, amino acids or monosaccharides. Bioplastic is a biodegradable material that come from renewable sources and can be used to reduce the problem of plastic waste that is suffocating the planet and polluting the environment.As an alternative, the use of bioplastics is being promoted, consisting in obtaining natural polymers from agricultural, cellulose or potato and corn starch waste. These are 100% degradable, equally resistant and versatile, already used in agriculture, textile industry, medicine and, over all, in the container and packaging market, and biopolymers are already becoming popular in cities throughout Europe and the United States for ecological reasons: they are known as PHA.
This product is expected to cover the needs of 10% of the European plastics market within 10 years.
Advantages of bioplastics:
- They reduce carbon footprint
- They providing energy savings in production
- They do not involve the consumption of non-renewable raw materials
- Their production reduces non-biodegradable waste that contaminates the environment
- They do not contain additives that are harmful to health, such as phthalates or bisphenol A
- They do not change the flavor or scent of the food contained
Eco-friendly literally means earth-friendly or not harmful to the environment. This term most commonly refers to products that contribute to green living or practices that help conserve resources like water and energy. Eco-friendly products also prevent contributions to air, water and land pollution. You can engage in eco-friendly habits or practices by being more conscious of how you use resources. Eco Friendly are sustainability and marketing terms referring to goods and services, laws, guidelines and policies that claim reduced, minimal, or no harm upon ecosystems or the environment. Companies use these ambiguous terms to promote goods and services, sometimes with additional, more specific certifications, such as ecolabels. Their overuse can be referred to as greenwashing
- Track 6-1Eco-Friendly Substances
- Track 6-2Biodegradable Substances
- Track 6-3Recyclable Products
- Track 6-4Biodegradation
- Track 6-5Reduce Recycle Reuse
- Track 6-6Eco Friendly pesticides
VOC reduction enables better indoor and outdoor air quality, and decreases human exposure to pollutants, Dow’s low-or no-VOC solutions cost less than more traditional compounds, Dow’s low or no-VOC solutions meet sustainability requirements without compromising the quality of the product.The manufacture of computer chips requires excessive amounts of chemicals, water, and energy. Estimates indicate that the weight of chemicals and fossil fuels required to make a computer chip is 630 times the weight of the chip, as compared to the 2:1 ratio for the manufacture of an automobile.
- Track 7-1Oxidation Reagent and Catalysis
- Track 7-2Development of Novel Sn-based Cluster Materials
- Track 7-3Use of CH- Activation Chemistry
- Track 7-4Atom Economical
- Track 7-5E- Factor
- Track 7-6Computer Chips
- Track 7-7Analytical Methodologies
- Track 7-8Supramolecular Chemistry
- Track 7-9Manufacture of GMP Oligonucleotides
Catalysis has come a long way and has served industry well in enabling many reactions to be done which, otherwise, would have been uneconomic or even impossible. Today chemists are faced with new challenges as concerns for the environment and scarcity of resources motivates them to look for greener processes. Biocatalysis is the main green chemistry technology adopted by the fine chemicals and pharmaceutical industries to manufacture chemicals with higher yield. Heterogeneously catalysed processes using supported metal or molecular catalysts are still an exception.
- Track 8-1Nature Based Catalyst
- Track 8-2Increases Efficiency and Reduce Waste
- Track 8-3Replacing Activating Reagents with Catalysts
- Track 8-4Acid Catalyzed Process
- Track 8-5Solid Acid Catalysts
- Track 8-6Bi-Functional Catalysts
- Track 8-7Hydrogen Industry (coal, NH3, methanol, fuel cells)
- Track 8-8Petrochemical and Petroleum Refining
- Track 8-9Photo Catalysis and Waste Water Treatment
- Track 8-10Biodiesel
Green chemistry emerged from a variety of existing ideas and research efforts (such as atom economy and catalysis) in the period leading up to the 1990s, in the context of increasing attention to problems of chemical pollution and resource depletion. The development of green chemistry in Europe and the United States was linked to a shift in environmental problem-solving strategies: a movement from command and control regulation and mandated reduction of industrial emissions at the "end of the pipe," toward the active prevention of pollution through the innovative design of production technologies themselves.
For a technology to be considered Green Chemistry, it must accomplish three things:
- It must be more environmentally benign than existing alternatives.
- It must be more economically viable than existing alternatives.
- It must be functionally equivalent to or outperform existing alternatives.
Green Chemistry presents industries with incredible opportunity for growth and competitive advantage. This is because there is currently a significant shortage of green technologies: we estimate that only 10% of current technologies are environmentally benign; another 25% could be made benign relatively easily. The remaining 65% have yet to be invented! Green Chemistry also creates cost savings: when hazardous materials are removed from materials and processes, all hazard-related costs are also removed, such as those associated with handling, transportation, disposal, and compliance. Through Green Chemistry, environmentally benign alternatives to current materials and technologies can be systematically introduced across all types of manufacturing to promote a more environmentally and economically sustainable future.
- Track 9-1Principles of Green chemistry
- Track 9-2Sustainable Energy
- Track 9-3Green Energy
- Track 9-4Biodiversity
- Track 9-5Environmental Science
- Track 9-6Green Building materials
- Track 9-7Energy Efficiency
Green chemistry metrics serve to quantify the efficiency or environmental performance of chemical processes, and allow changes in performance to be measured. The motivation for using metrics is the expectation that quantifying technical and environmental improvements can make the benefits of new technologies more tangible, perceptible, or understandable. This, in turn, is likely to aid the communication of research and potentially facilitate the wider adoption of green chemistry technologies in industry.
- Track 10-1Effective Mass Yield
- Track 10-2Atom Economy
- Track 10-3E- Factor
- Track 10-4Carbon Efficiency
- Track 10-5Reaction Mass Effluent
- Track 10-6The Echo Scale
- Track 10-7Green Product Design
- Track 10-8LCA (Life Cycle Assessment)
Environmental science is the multidisciplinary study of all aspects of the Earth’s physical and biological environments. It encompasses environmental chemistry, soil science, ecology, climatology, vegetation cover, marine and freshwater systems, as well as environmental remediation and preservation, and agriculture and land use. It also covers topics like Environmental Chemistry, Carbon footprint, Co2 capture, Greenhouse effect and many more. The natural greenhouse effect is caused by greenhouse gases which occur naturally in the earth’s atmosphere. The main natural greenhouse gases are carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), and water (H2O). These gases absorb and re-radiate the sun’s heat, helping to warm the planet and providing a temperature range that is suitable for life as we know it. Without these natural greenhouse gases, the temperature of the earth’s atmosphere would be approximately 34 degrees Celsius lower than it is today.
- Track 11-1Greenhouse Effect
- Track 11-2Climate Change
- Track 11-3Environmental engineering
- Track 11-4Carbon Sequestration
Chemical synthesis using biodegradable materials (bioplastics, biopolymers) and syntheses using biomass-derived building blocks, High atom economy synthesis, Solvent elimination and sustainability assessment of solvents, Utilization of techniques and technologies that minimise energy and maximise reaction efficiency.Biocatalysis is the main green chemistry technology adopted by the fine chemicals and pharmaceutical industries to manufacture chemicals with higher yield. Heterogeneously catalysed processes using supported metal or molecular catalysts are still an exception
- Track 12-1Process Profile
- Track 12-2Proprietary Metrics
- Track 12-3Replacement of Alkane solvents
- Track 12-4Separations of Olefins/Paraffins
- Track 12-5Electrolytic Replacement of Crude Glycerol
- Track 12-6Zeolite Membranes
- Track 12-7Hydraulic Fracturing
- Track 12-8Environmental and Industrial Bio-Technology
- Track 12-9Petroleum Based Chemicals from Biological Materials
Green chemistry is being employed to develop revolutionary drug delivery methods that are more effective and less toxic and could benefit millions of patients. Phosphoramidite-based, solid-phase synthesis of antisense oligonucleotides has been modified to accommodate principles of green chemistry by eliminating the use and generation of toxic materials and allowing reuse of valuable materials such as amidites, solid-support and protecting groups, thus improving the atom economy and cost-efficiency,
- Track 13-1Drug Delivery Methods
- Track 13-2Commercial Manufacturing Process
- Track 13-3Reducing Reaction Steps
- Track 13-4Synthesis of Antisense Oligonucleotides
- Track 13-5Naproxen and Aspirin
- Track 13-6Ionic Liquids
- Track 13-7Water as Process Solvent in Pharma Industry
- Track 13-8Supercritical CO2
- Track 13-9Sildenafil Citrate and Sertraline are Results of Green Chemistry
Green chemistry also plays a key role in alternative energy science, and the production of new ways to make solar cells, fuel cells, and batteries for storing energy.
According to a recent analysis, solar photovoltaic technology is “one of the few renewable, low-carbon resources with both the scalability and the technological maturity to meet ever-growing global demand for electricity.” The use of solar photovoltaics has been growing at an average of 43% per year since 2000. In recent years, clean energy experts have been very excited about the emergence of two new chemistry-driven solar technologies, perovskite solar cells and quantum dots.
- Track 14-1Alternative Energy
- Track 14-2Bio-Mass
- Track 14-3Bio-Fuel
- Track 14-4Bio-Oil
- Track 14-5Bio-Refineries
- Track 14-6Lignin
- Track 14-7Porous Metal Oxide
- Track 14-8Design, Integration and Sustainability
Green engineering approaches the design of products and processes by applying financially and technologically feasible processes and products in a manner that simultaneously decreases the amount of pollution that is generated by a source, minimizes exposures to potential hazards (including reducing toxicity and improved uses of matter and energy throughout the life cycle of the product and processes) as well as protecting human health without relinquishing the economic efficiency and viability. As such, green engineering is not actually an engineering discipline in itself, but an overarching engineering framework for all design disciplines.
- Holistically use systems analysis and integrate environmental impact assessment tools.
- Conserve and improve natural ecosystems while protecting human health and well-being.
- Use life-cycle thinking in all engineering activities.
- Ensure that all material and energy inputs and outputs are as inherently safe and benign as possible.
- Minimize depletion of natural resources.
- Strive to prevent waste.
- Develops and applies engineering solutions while being cognizant of local geography, aspirations, and cultures.
- Creates engineering solutions beyond current or dominant technologies; improves, innovates, and invents (technologies) to achieve sustainability.
- Actively engages communities and stakeholders in the development of engineering solutions.
- Track 15-1Environmental engineering
- Track 15-2Environmental Technology
- Track 15-3Ecotechnology
There are number of approaches that can be used to support chemical risk assessment. Ideally, predictive tools identify hazards to be avoided; for example, it may be possible to identify a compound property or structural features that are associated with adverse effects. Such computational tools that exploit existing toxicology information can be used to ascertain potential relationships between chemical space and toxicological response. The outputs from these analyses can be used to define project-specific, toxicology experiments to determine if the predicted toxicities are real and so influence compound design.
- Track 16-1Principles of Green Toxicology
- Track 16-2Biotic and Abiotic Degradation
- Track 16-3Bioaccumulation
- Track 16-4Toxicity
- Track 16-5Discovery and Drug Development
- Track 16-6Industrial Toxicology
- Track 16-7Ionic Liquids
There are several proposed remediation techniques that use nanotechnology. For example, solar photocatalysis using titanium dioxide nanoparticles can degrade pollutants like volatile organic compounds and nitrous oxides and consequently has been used in cement and commercial plants. Paints enriched with Nano titanium dioxide, replacing organic biocides, are used to keep the surfaces of buildings clean.
Soil remediation of abandoned and old military and industrial sites has become a great challenge in industrialized nations. Trials have been set-up using Nano zero-valent iron and iron oxides and the results have been quite promising. However, there are environmental concerns regarding the impact of nanoparticles on the soil.
- Track 17-1Enhance Environmental Sustainability
- Track 17-2Nano-Materials
- Track 17-3Sensors in PCS
- Track 17-4Nano Remediation
- Track 17-5TTT (The Thermonuclear Trap Technology)
- Track 17-6Nano-Flake Technology
- Track 17-7Fuel Cells and LED
Green Polymers is a innovative technology to replace traditional materials with the ecofriendly substances. Polystyrene-Aluminium Chloride: It is used to prepare Ethers from alcohols. Polystyrene AlCl3 is a useful catalyst for synthetic reactions which require both a dehydrating agent and a Lewis acid. Thus, acetals are obtained in good yield by the reaction of aldehyde, alcohol and polymeric AlCl3 in an organic inert solvent. Polymeric super acid catalysts: This polymeric super acid catalysts are obtained by aluminium chloride to Sulfonate Polystyrene.
- Track 19-1Green Building
- Track 19-2Sustainable Materials
- Track 19-3Eco-friendly materials
- Track 19-4Alternative Materials
- Track 19-5Green Modeling
- Track 19-6Bio-Polymers
- Track 19-7Synthesis of Iron Catalysts
- Track 19-8Low Degree of Polymerization
- Track 19-9Smart Catalytic Surfaces
- Track 19-10Highly Efficient Palladium Catalyst
- Track 19-11Enzymes as Green Catalysts
- Track 19-12Polystyrene-Aluminum Chloride
- Track 19-13Super Acid Catalysts
- Track 19-14Water Purification
- Track 19-15Tissue Engineering
Green Separations is defined by the separations of molecules, elements or substances in a sustainable method which does'nt harm the environmet in any form. It also know as the Ecofriendly separations and it is an alternative way to make separations in industries.
- Track 20-1 Green absorbent
- Track 20-2 Green sorbent
- Track 20-3 Micro-rector Technology
- Track 20-4Solventless reactions
- Track 20-5Enantiomeric Separations
- Track 20-6Green Extractions
- Track 20-7Cleaner Technologies
Solvents are consumed in large quantities in many chemical syntheses as well as for cleaning and degreasing. Traditional solvents are often toxic or are chlorinated. Green solvents, on the other hand, are generally derived from renewable resources and biodegrade to innocuous, often naturally occurring product.Moreover, owning to its high polar character one can expect novel reactivities and selectivities for organometallic catalysis in water. Furthermore, this provides an opportunity to overcome a serious shortcoming of homogenous catalysts.
- Track 21-1Biocatalysts
- Track 21-2Supramolecular Chemistry
- Track 21-3High Atom Economy
- Track 21-4Low E-Factor
- Track 21-5Ethyl Lactate from Processing Corn
- Track 21-6Glycerol
- Track 21-7VOC
- Track 21-8Supercritical Solvents
Green Chemistry and sustainable agriculture are inherently intertwined; farmers need green chemists to make safe agricultural chemical inputs. Green Chemists need farmers practicing sustainable agriculture to provide truly “green” bio-based raw materials to process into new products. Practitioners of sustainable agriculture seek to integrate three main objectives into their work: a healthy environment, economic profitability, and social and economic equity. Every person involved in the food system—growers, food processors, distributors, retailers, consumers, and waste managers—can play a role in ensuring a Green and Sustainable Agricultural system.
- Track 22-1Sustainable Agriculture
- Track 22-2Benefits of Sustainable Chemistry
- Track 22-3Ecosystem
- Track 22-4Farming and Natural Resources
- Track 22-5Efficient Use of Non-Renewable Resources
- Track 22-6Pollution Control
- Track 22-7Economic Development
- Track 22-8Consumers and Food System
- Track 23-1Environmental technology
The enzyme industry has experienced significant growth during the last decade due to the global, growing demand for cleaner and greener technology to preserve the environment.
According to BCC Research, the global market for industrial enzymes is expected to grow from nearly $5.0 billion in 2016 to $6.3 billion in 2021, demonstrating a five-year compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 4.7%. As a segment, food industrial enzymes should approach $1.5 billion and $1.9 billion in 2016 and 2021, respectively, growing at a five-year CAGR of 4.7%. Animal feed industrial enzymes, as a segment, is forecast to total $1.2 billion and nearly $1.6 billion in 2016 and 2021, respectively, reflecting a five-year CAGR of 5.2%. This market segment is expected to rise due to higher investments in renewable sources of energy and increased demand for animal feed products.
The GC3 commissioned this research from Environmental & Public Health Consulting to support its efforts to mainstream green chemistry by understanding barriers and opportunities to accelerating green chemistry adoption across supply chains. Metrics play a critical role in understanding if green chemistry design, policy, business, or educational efforts are leading us towards desired outcomes. The purpose of this Green Chemistry & Commerce Council (GC3) report is to identify and characterize metrics that can be used to measure progress in green chemistry.
- Track 24-1Enhance Market Dynamics
- Track 24-2Support Smart Policies
- Track 24-3Foster Collaboration
- Track 24-4Inform the Market Place
- Track 24-5Track Program
- Track 24-6Green Marketing
- Track 24-7Eco-Friendly Products and Market Analysis
- Is a philosophy that applies to all areas of chemistry, not a single discipline of chemistry
- Applies innovative scientific solutions to real-world environmental problems
- Results in source reduction because it prevents the generation of pollution
- Reduces the negative impacts of chemical products and processes on human health and the environment
- Lessens and sometimes eliminates hazard from existing products and processes
- Designs chemical products and processes to reduce their intrinsic hazards
- Track 25-1Wastewater Treatment
- Track 25-2Toxic removal Process
- Track 25-3Ozone layer protection
- Track 25-4Waste Treatment
- Track 25-5Recycling
- Track 25-6Alternative materials to reduce pollution
Renewable materials are also knon as sustainable materials, these materials do not use up non-renewable resources. They can also be produced in high enough volume to be economically useful. Biopolymers are one such renewable material. A biopolymer is a naturally occurring polymer, such as carbohydrates and proteins. Some examples of biopolymers are cellulose, starch, collagen, soy protein and casein. These raw materials are abundant and biodegradable, and are used to make diverse products such as adhesives and cardboard. Recyclable materials include many kinds of glass, paper, and cardboard, metal, plastic, tires, textiles, and electronics. The composting or other reuse of biodegradable waste—such as food or garden waste—is also considered recycling. Materials to be recycled are either brought to a collection center or picked up from the curbside, then sorted, cleaned, and reprocessed into new materials destined for manufacturing. PHAs are biodegradable plastics, they are used as an energy and carbon storage compound within certain bacterial cells. The industries are looking forward to replace the Plastics, which are non-Bio degradable.Some of the biodegradable biopolymers are compostable: they can be put into an industrial composting process. Biodegradable polymers have an innumerable use in the biomedical field, particularly in the fields of tissue engineering and drug delivery.
- Track 26-1Renewable resource
- Track 26-2Sorting and Rinsing
- Track 26-3E-Waste
- Track 26-4Plastic Recycling: Physical and Chemical
- Track 26-5Environmental Impact
- Track 26-6Renewable Energy
- Track 26-7Air and Water Purifications
- Track 26-8Energy Conservations
- Track 26-9Recycling Methods
- Track 26-10Sustainable Treatment of Natural Resources
- The environmental and societal benefits of sustainable chemistry include:
- Avoiding the use of persistent, bioaccumulative, toxic, and otherwise hazardous materials;
- Using renewable resources and decreasing consumption of non-renewable resources,
- Minimising negative environmental impacts of chemical processing and manufacturing;
- Providing technologies that are economically competitive for and advantageous to industry.
Waste management plays a major role in the field of Green Chemistry as its give ways to reduce waste in an effective way as it innovates methods to manage waste without harming the environment, ultimately it reduces the pollution. Waste management or waste disposal are all the activities and actions required to manage waste from its inception to its final disposal. This includes amongst other things collection, transport, treatment and disposal of waste together with monitoring and regulation. It also encompasses the legal and regulatory framework that relates to waste management encompassing guidance on recycling.
- Track 28-1Resource efficiency
- Track 28-2Materials management
- Track 28-3Waste reduction
- Track 28-4Solid Waste Management