The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Green chemistry emerged from a variety of existing ideas and research efforts (such as atom economy and catalysis) in the period leading up to the 1990s, in the context of increasing attention to problems of chemical pollution and resource depletion. The development of green chemistry in Europe and the United States was linked to a shift in environmental problem-solving strategies: a movement from command and control regulation and mandated reduction of industrial emissions at the "end of the pipe," toward the active prevention of pollution through the innovative design of production technologies themselves.
For a technology to be considered Green Chemistry, it must accomplish three things:
It must be more environmentally benign than existing alternatives.
It must be more economically viable than existing alternatives.
It must be functionally equivalent to or outperform existing alternatives.
Green Chemistry presents industries with incredible opportunity for growth and competitive advantage. This is because there is currently a significant shortage of green technologies: we estimate that only 10% of current technologies are environmentally benign; another 25% could be made benign relatively easily. The remaining 65% have yet to be invented! Green Chemistry also creates cost savings: when hazardous materials are removed from materials and processes, all hazard-related costs are also removed, such as those associated with handling, transportation, disposal, and compliance.
Through Green Chemistry, environmentally benign alternatives to current materials and technologies can be systematically introduced across all types of manufacturing to promote a more environmentally and economically sustainable future.
- Track 1-1Principles of Green chemistry
- Track 1-2Sustainable Energy
- Track 1-3Green Energy
- Track 1-4Biodiversity
- Track 1-5Environmental Science
- Track 1-6Green Building materials
- Track 1-7Energy Efficiency
Green chemistry metrics serve to quantify the efficiency or environmental performance of chemical processes, and allow changes in performance to be measured. The motivation for using metrics is the expectation that quantifying technical and environmental improvements can make the benefits of new technologies more tangible, perceptible, or understandable. This, in turn, is likely to aid the communication of research and potentially facilitate the wider adoption of green chemistry technologies in industry.
- Track 2-1Effective Mass Yield
- Track 2-2Atom Economy
- Track 2-3E- Factor
- Track 2-4Carbon Efficiency
- Track 2-5Reaction Mass Effluent
- Track 2-6The Echo Scale
- Track 2-7Green Product Design
- Track 2-8LCA (Life Cycle Assessment)
Catalysis has come a long way and has served industry well in enabling many reactions to be done which, otherwise, would have been uneconomic or even impossible. Today chemists are faced with new challenges as concerns for the environment and scarcity of resources motivates them to look for greener processes. Biocatalysis is the main green chemistry technology adopted by the fine chemicals and pharmaceutical industries to manufacture chemicals with higher yield. Heterogeneously catalysed processes using supported metal or molecular catalysts are still an exception.
- Track 3-1Nature Based Catalyst
- Track 3-2Increases Efficiency and Reduce Waste
- Track 3-3Replacing Activating Reagents with Catalysts
- Track 3-4Acid Catalyzed Process
- Track 3-5Solid Acid Catalysts
- Track 3-6Bi-Functional Catalysts
- Track 3-7Hydrogen Industry (coal, NH3, methanol, fuel cells)
- Track 3-8Petrochemical and Petroleum Refining
- Track 3-9Photo Catalysis and Waste Water Treatment
- Track 3-10Biodiesel
Solvents are consumed in large quantities in many chemical syntheses as well as for cleaning and degreasing. Traditional solvents are often toxic or are chlorinated. Green solvents, on the other hand, are generally derived from renewable resources and biodegrade to innocuous, often naturally occurring product.Moreover, owning to its high polar character one can expect novel reactivities and selectivities for organometallic catalysis in water. Furthermore, this provides an opportunity to overcome a serious shortcoming of homogenous catalysts.
- Track 4-1Biocatalysts
- Track 4-2Supramolecular Chemistry
- Track 4-3High Atom Economy
- Track 4-4Low E-Factor
- Track 4-5Ethyl Lactate from Processing Corn
- Track 4-6Glycerol
- Track 4-7VOC
- Track 4-8Supercritical Solvents
Green Chemistry and sustainable agriculture are inherently intertwined; farmers need green chemists to make safe agricultural chemical inputs. Green Chemists need farmers practicing sustainable agriculture to provide truly “green” bio-based raw materials to process into new products. Practitioners of sustainable agriculture seek to integrate three main objectives into their work: a healthy environment, economic profitability, and social and economic equity. Every person involved in the food system—growers, food processors, distributors, retailers, consumers, and waste managers—can play a role in ensuring a Green and Sustainable Agricultural system.
- Track 5-1Sustainable Agriculture
- Track 5-2Benefits of Sustainable Chemistry
- Track 5-3Ecosystem
- Track 5-4Farming and Natural Resources
- Track 5-5Efficient Use of Non-Renewable Resources
- Track 5-6Pollution Control
- Track 5-7Economic Development
- Track 5-8Consumers and Food System
There are number of approaches that can be used to support chemical risk assessment. Ideally, predictive tools identify hazards to be avoided; for example, it may be possible to identify a compound property or structural features that are associated with adverse effects. Such computational tools that exploit existing toxicology information can be used to ascertain potential relationships between chemical space and toxicological response. The outputs from these analyses can be used to define project-specific, toxicology experiments to determine if the predicted toxicities are real and so influence compound design.
- Track 6-1Principles of Green Toxicology
- Track 6-2Biotic and Abiotic Degradation
- Track 6-3Bioaccumulation
- Track 6-4Toxicity
- Track 6-5Discovery and Drug Development
- Track 6-6Industrial Toxicology
Green chemistry is being employed to develop revolutionary drug delivery methods that are more effective and less toxic and could benefit millions of patients. Phosphoramidite-based, solid-phase synthesis of antisense oligonucleotides has been modified to accommodate principles of green chemistry by eliminating the use and generation of toxic materials and allowing reuse of valuable materials such as amidites, solid-support and protecting groups, thus improving the atom economy and cost-efficiency,
- Track 7-1Drug Delivery Methods
- Track 7-2Commercial Manufacturing Process
- Track 7-3Reducing Reaction Steps
- Track 7-4Synthesis of Antisense Oligonucleotides
- Track 7-5Naproxen and Aspirin
- Track 7-6Ionic Liquids
- Track 7-7Water as Process Solvent in Pharma Industry
- Track 7-8Supercritical CO2
- Track 7-9Sildenafil Citrate and Sertraline are Results of Green Chemistry
There are several proposed remediation techniques that use nanotechnology. For example, solar photocatalysis using titanium dioxide nanoparticles can degrade pollutants like volatile organic compounds and nitrous oxides and consequently has been used in cement and commercial plants. Paints enriched with Nano titanium dioxide, replacing organic biocides, are used to keep the surfaces of buildings clean.
Soil remediation of abandoned and old military and industrial sites has become a great challenge in industrialized nations. Trials have been set-up using Nano zero-valent iron and iron oxides and the results have been quite promising. However, there are environmental concerns regarding the impact of nanoparticles on the soil.
- Track 8-1Enhance Environmental Sustainability
- Track 8-2Nano-Materials
- Track 8-3Sensors in PCS
- Track 8-4Nano Remediation
- Track 8-5TTT (The Thermonuclear Trap Technology)
- Track 8-6Nano-Flake Technology
- Track 8-7Fuel Cells and LED
There are plenty of examples where nanotechnology is being applied to cure cancer and other diseases. Here are some recent ones: Alzheimer's disease, Lung disease, Common causes of blindness, Acne, Nanotechnology's role in HIV AIDS treatment, Dendrimer nanomedicine – developing efficient therapeutic strategies for the treatment of neurological disorders.
The most significant impact of nanomedicine is expected to be realized in drug delivery and regenerative medicine. Nanoparticles enable physicians to target drugs at the source of the disease, which increases efficiency and minimizes side effects. Using nanoparticle contrast agents, images such as ultrasound and MRI have a favourable distribution and improved contrast. In cardiovascular imaging, nanoparticles have potential to aid visualization of blood pooling, ischemia, angiogenesis, atherosclerosis, and focal areas where inflammation is present.
- Track 9-1Nano-Particles
- Track 9-2Drug Delivery (Nano- Medicine)
- Track 9-3Imaging and Sensing
- Track 9-4Elimination of Bacterial Infections
- Track 9-5Silicon and Gelatin Nano-Particles
- Track 9-6Gold Nano-Rods
- Track 9-7Tissue Engineering
- Track 9-8Nano-Toxicology
Biopolymers are polymers produced by living organisms; in other words, they are polymeric biomolecule. Biopolymers (also called renewable polymers) are produced from biomass for use in the packaging industry. Biomass comes from crops such as sugar beet, potatoes or wheat: when used to produce biopolymers, these are classified as non-food crops.
Some biopolymers are biodegradable: they are broken down into CO2 and water by microorganisms. Some of these biodegradable biopolymers are compostable: they can be put into an industrial composting process. Biodegradable polymers have an innumerable use in the biomedical field, particularly in the fields of tissue engineering and drug delivery.
- Track 10-1Bio-Polymers
- Track 10-2Low Degree of Polymerization
- Track 10-3Packaging and Materials
- Track 10-4Fructose- Derived Biomass
- Track 10-5Bio-materials in Tissue Engineering
- Track 10-6Hydrolytically Degradable Polymers
- Track 10-7PHA (polyhydroxy alkenoates)
- Track 10-8B-Polymers in Biomedical Field
- Track 10-9Biological Feedstocks (Polysaccharides)
Polystyrene-Aluminium Chloride: It is used to prepare Ethers from alcohols. Polystyrene AlCl3 is a useful catalyst for synthetic reactions which require both a dehydrating agent and a Lewis acid. Thus, acetals are obtained in good yield by the reaction of aldehyde, alcohol and polymeric AlCl3 in an organic inert solvent. Polymeric super acid catalysts: This polymeric super acid catalysts are obtained by aluminium chloride to Sulfonate Polystyrene.
- Track 11-1Synthesis of Iron Catalysts
- Track 11-2Smart Catalytic Surfaces
- Track 11-3Highly Efficient Palladium Catalyst
- Track 11-4Enzymes as Green Catalysts
- Track 11-5Polystyrene-Aluminum Chloride
- Track 11-6Super Acid Catalysts
- Track 11-7Water Purification
- Track 11-8Tissue Engineering
Development of smart catalytic surfaces for water purification, Use of solid state NMR spectroscopy as a tool to learn more about green chemical processes and to understand structures of complex and versatile materials obtained within the Centre for Green Chemical SciencesThe reversible hydrogen storage in the conducting polymer polyaniline nanomaterials.
The use of fermentation technology and microorganisms to convert bio-derived substrates into high-value added products, e.g. using fruit by-products as feedstocks for the production of valuable chemicals.
- Track 12-1Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy
- Track 12-2Fermentation Technology
- Track 12-3Reversible H2 Storage
- Track 12-4Ultrasound Assisted Green Technology
- Track 12-5Microwave Induced Green Chemistry
- Track 12-6Delta-S
- Track 12-7Green Building Materials
- Track 12-8Green Energy
- Track 12-9Plasma Emission Spectrometry
- Track 12-10Immunoassay
Green chemistry also plays a key role in alternative energy science, and the production of new ways to make solar cells, fuel cells, and batteries for storing energy.
According to a recent analysis, solar photovoltaic technology is “one of the few renewable, low-carbon resources with both the scalability and the technological maturity to meet ever-growing global demand for electricity.” The use of solar photovoltaics has been growing at an average of 43% per year since 2000. In recent years, clean energy experts have been very excited about the emergence of two new chemistry-driven solar technologies, perovskite solar cells and quantum dots.
- Track 13-1Bio-Mass
- Track 13-2Bio-Fuel
- Track 13-3Bio-Oil
- Track 13-4Bio-Refineries
- Track 13-5Lignin
- Track 13-6Porous Metal Oxide
- Track 13-7Design, Integration and Sustainability
The natural greenhouse effect is caused by greenhouse gases which occur naturally in the earth’s atmosphere. The main natural greenhouse gases are carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), and water (H2O). These gases absorb and re-radiate the sun’s heat, helping to warm the planet and providing a temperature range that is suitable for life as we know it. Without these natural greenhouse gases, the temperature of the earth’s atmosphere would be approximately 34 degrees Celsius lower than it is today.
- Track 14-1Green-House Gas and Effect
- Track 14-2Carbon Sequestration
- Track 14-3Green-house gas Initiations
- Track 14-4Green Application of CO2
- Track 14-5Photocatalytic H2 Productions
- Track 14-6Photo Electrochemical Cells
Chemical synthesis using biodegradable materials (bioplastics, biopolymers) and syntheses using biomass-derived building blocks, High atom economy synthesis, Solvent elimination and sustainability assessment of solvents, Utilization of techniques and technologies that minimise energy and maximise reaction efficiency.Biocatalysis is the main green chemistry technology adopted by the fine chemicals and pharmaceutical industries to manufacture chemicals with higher yield. Heterogeneously catalysed processes using supported metal or molecular catalysts are still an exception
- Track 15-1Process Profile
- Track 15-2Proprietary Metrics
- Track 15-3Replacement of Alkane solvents
- Track 15-4Separations of Olefins/Paraffins
- Track 15-5Electrolytic Replacement of Crude Glycerol
- Track 15-6Zeolite Membranes
- Track 15-7Hydraulic Fracturing
- Track 15-8Environmental and Industrial Bio-Technology
- Track 15-9Petroleum Based Chemicals from Biological Materials
PHAs are biodegradable plastics, they are used as an energy and carbon storage compound within certain bacterial cells. The industries are looking forward to replace the Plastics, which are non-Bio degradable.Some of the biodegradable biopolymers are compostable: they can be put into an industrial composting process. Biodegradable polymers have an innumerable use in the biomedical field, particularly in the fields of tissue engineering and drug delivery.
- Track 16-1Sorting and Rinsing
- Track 16-2E-Waste
- Track 16-3Plastic Recycling: Physical and Chemical
- Track 16-4Environmental Impact
- Track 16-5Renewable Energy
- Track 16-6Air and Water Purifications
- Track 16-7Energy Conservations
- Track 16-8Sustainable Treatment of Natural Resources
VOC reduction enables better indoor and outdoor air quality, and decreases human exposure to pollutants, Dow’s low-or no-VOC solutions cost less than more traditional compounds, Dow’s low or no-VOC solutions meet sustainability requirements without compromising the quality of the product.The manufacture of computer chips requires excessive amounts of chemicals, water, and energy. Estimates indicate that the weight of chemicals and fossil fuels required to make a computer chip is 630 times the weight of the chip, as compared to the 2:1 ratio for the manufacture of an automobile.
- Track 17-1Oxidation Reagent and Catalysis
- Track 17-2Development of Novel Sn-based Cluster Materials
- Track 17-3Use of CH- Activation Chemistry
- Track 17-4Atom Economical
- Track 17-5E- Factor
- Track 17-6Computer Chips
- Track 17-7Analytical Methodologies
- Track 17-8Supramolecular Chemistry
- Track 17-9Manufacture of GMP Oligonucleotides
Polysaccharides polymers: These are biological feedstock, and as such have the advantage of being renewable, as opposed to those feedstocks which are the product of petroleum. On the other hand, these have no chronic toxicity to human health and environment. Commodity chemicals from glucose: glucose is another alternative for commodity chemicals by using glucose in place of benzene, can help in minimizing the use of certain reagents with certain toxicity. The conduction of synthesis in water instead of organic solvents is more beneficial. The use of CO2 as a substitute for organic solvents already represents a tool of waste reduction in chemical industry.
- Track 18-1Fullerene Extraction (C50 and C70)
- Track 18-2Pyrolysis
- Track 18-3Soxhlet Extraction
- Track 18-4Column Chromatography
- Track 18-5Plasma Process
- Track 18-6Solvent Reduction
- Track 18-7Pharmaceutical Industry(medicine)
- Track 18-8Bioplastics
The enzyme industry has experienced significant growth during the last decade due to the global, growing demand for cleaner and greener technology to preserve the environment.
According to BCC Research, the global market for industrial enzymes is expected to grow from nearly $5.0 billion in 2016 to $6.3 billion in 2021, demonstrating a five-year compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 4.7%. As a segment, food industrial enzymes should approach $1.5 billion and $1.9 billion in 2016 and 2021, respectively, growing at a five-year CAGR of 4.7%. Animal feed industrial enzymes, as a segment, is forecast to total $1.2 billion and nearly $1.6 billion in 2016 and 2021, respectively, reflecting a five-year CAGR of 5.2%. This market segment is expected to rise due to higher investments in renewable sources of energy and increased demand for animal feed products.
The GC3 commissioned this research from Environmental & Public Health Consulting to support its efforts to mainstream green chemistry by understanding barriers and opportunities to accelerating green chemistry adoption across supply chains. Metrics play a critical role in understanding if green chemistry design, policy, business, or educational efforts are leading us towards desired outcomes. The purpose of this Green Chemistry & Commerce Council (GC3) report is to identify and characterize metrics that can be used to measure progress in green chemistry.
- Track 19-1Enhance Market Dynamics
- Track 19-2Support Smart Policies
- Track 19-3Foster Collaboration
- Track 19-4Inform the Market Place
- Track 19-5Track Program
- Track 19-6Green Marketing
- Track 19-7Eco-Friendly Products and Market Analysis